Hyperventilation and Hypoventilation - Role of the lungs in maintaining pH balance in the body.
The lungs compensated for low blood pH through hyperventilation.
One way the body uses to control blood pH involves the release of carbon dioxide from the lungs. Carbon dioxide is mildly acidic and is constantly produced by cells.
The brain regulates the amount of carbon dioxide that is exhaled by controlling the speed and depth of breathing. Hyperventilation raises the blood pH level because the body is expelling an excessive amount of carbon dioxide.
Respiratory alkalosis occurs when the amount of carbon dioxide found in the blood drops to a level below normal range. When this happens, the body's system becomes more alkaline (basic).
The lungs compensate for high blood pH by hypoventilation.
Hypoventilation lowers the blood pH level because the body is retaining carbon dioxide
Respiratory acidosis occurs when the amount of carbon dioxide found in the blood rises to a level above normal range. When this happens, the body's system becomes more acidotic (acidic).